2 dec. 2008

Mumbai: Who did it?


Pointer takes for granted, that soon will be clear how the attacks on targets at Mumbai, India, have taken place. Too long and too much could muslim fundamentalist groups found and spread their organisation and activities over the world of the region Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and the surrounding muslim territories. It looks like the Saudi government, or rich people at high places, those groups I supporting to keep them out of their own country of system. A large amount of their own population shares those religious believes to live like in the times of the prophet around AD 622 in Mecca and Medina. Pakistani know what happens in their country which is a shelter for groups of terrorists like Al Qaeda. We all know that, if Osama bin Laden still exists, he is hiding among the Taliban, the religious fanatics from uncontrolled Pashtu tribes, some also located in Afghanistan, near and over the border with Pakistan and also present in the Indian province of Kashmir and Jammu.
Saikat Datta of Outlook India writes that by mid-September, Indian agencies knew that the attack would come from the sea, and by mid-November they knew that the Taj hotel would be targeted. And yet the attacks still happened. A blow-by-blow account of how the plan to attack Mumbai by sea was hatched and executed.

There is some name calling in the media and by Wikipedia we learn:
Hafiz Muhammad Saeed is the head (ameer) of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah Pakistan. He was a professor in Islamic Studies department of University of Engineering and Technology (Lahore) Pakistan. He was sent to Saudi Arabia in the early 1980s by the University for higher studies where he met some Saudi Sheikhs who were taking part in Afghan jihad. They inspired him to join his colleague, Professor Zafar Iqbal, in taking an active role supporting the Mujahideen in Afghanistan. There he met some youth who later became his companions. In 1987 Hafiz Muhammad Saeed along with some Salafi Muslims founded Markaz Dawa-Wal-Irshad, which can be grouped with the Ahle Hadith. This is a puritanical interpretation of Islam that has drawn great financial support from Saudi Arabia. This organization spawned the jihadist group Lashkar-e-Taiba, which was based in Pakistan before 9/11 and was transferred to Kashmir after that. Lashkar's primary target is the Indian state of Jammu and Kashmir although Saeed has spoken of "liberating" Hyderabad State and Junagadh from Indian rule as well.

Jama'at-ud-Da'wah is a Wahhabi Organisation launched in Lahore, Pakistan in 1985. Previously called Markaz Daw'a wal Irshad, the organisation changed its name after the United States Department of State declared Lashkar-e-Taiba to be a terrorist organisation. It also publicly retracted itself from any association with the group.
JUD is popular in Pakistan for providing free medical care and education for the poor. It has done a lot of relief work in natural disasters of Pakistan such as famine of "Thar", flood of Sindh; after the 2005 Kashmir earthquake JUD was quick to donate tents, blankets and food and, according to many relief organizations, its camps were more professionally managed even than those run by the UN. During that earthquake the workers of JUD reached the affected areas even earlier than army and all other organizations. They remained fasting because it was the month of Ramadan and they very efficiently helped the affected people. JUD collected the funds from Pakistani people and made artificial villages where the people were kept. Those villages also had mosques, schools, and computer classes etc.
The leader of JUD is Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, who was an Islamic Studies professor at the University of Engineering and Technology in Lahore. He was accused of inciting riots in Pakistan earlier this year on the Foreign pressure. He was freed in Ramadan on the order of High Court.
JUD runs a weekly newspaper named "GHAZWA" , three monthly magazines among which two are "MAJALLA TUD DAWWA" and "ZARB E TAIBA" and a fortnightly magazine for children named "ROZA TUL ITFAL". They have an official website in English, Urdu and Arabic.

Lashkar-e-Taiba was founded by Hafiz Muhammad Saeed in the Kunar province of Afghanistan, and is currently based near Lahore, Pakistan operating several militant training camps in Pakistan-administered Kashmir. Lashkar-e-Taiba members have carried out major attacks against India and its primary objective is to end Indian rule in Kashmir. Some breakaway Lashkar members have also been accused of carrying out attacks in Pakistan, particularly in Karachi, to mark its opposition to the policies of President Pervez Musharraf. The organization is banned as a terrorist organization by India, Pakistan, the United States, the United Kingdom, the European Union, Russia and Australia. According to some sources, Lashkar-e-Taiba renamed itself to Jama'at-ud-Da'wah (JUD) in January 2002 to escape the ban imposed by the Pakistani government.

Leadership and command structure
The outfit's headquarters was located in the MDI’s complex at Muridke near Lahore until late 2001 when they had to shift its headquarters from Muridke to Muzaffarabad; this was undertaken mainly for political reasons (including detachment from Jama'at-ud-Da'wah and pressure from the Pakistan government), although the MDI has claimed that the LeT has shifted all its facilities and offices because the outfit needed more space and since it formed a new General Council.
The new Council comprises Maulana Abdul Wahid Kashmiri (the Supreme Leader), with Zaki ur Rehman Lakhwi as the 'Supreme Commander' within Jammu & Kashmir. Other members of the General Council are - Abdullah of Anantnag (Islamabad) - Haji Mohammad Azam of Poonch - Muzammil Butt of Doda - Mohammad Umair of Baramullah - Chaudhri Abdullah Khalid Chauhan of Bagh - Rafiq Akhtar of Muzaffarabad - Aftab Hussain of Kotli - Faisal Dar of Srinagar - Chaudhri Yusuf of Mirpur - Maulana Mohammad Sharif Balghari of Baltistan -
Until these new organisational changes, the organisational level of the Lashkar-e-Taiba was led by its Amir, Prof. Hafiz Muhammad Saeed and the operational chief of the outfit was reported to be 'commander' Saifullah. Organisation's field structure in Jammu & Kashmir is organised at district levels with 'district commanders' in charge. Within Pakistan, the outfit has a network of training camps and branch offices, which undertake recruitment and fundraising.
While the organisation receives increasing inspiration from Al-Qaeda, it also has close links with rogue elements in the Inter Services Intelligence (ISI) of Pakistan. This owes its roots in the policy of successive Pakistani elements using terrorism, particularly against India, with strategic flexibility.

Funding
Until 2002 the group collected funds through public fundraising events, usually using charity boxes in shops and mosques. With development of humanitarian work of Jama'at-ud-Da'wah, it has expanded its humanitarian efforts. In fact aid for the Oct. 8th earthquake from most Indian organizations was entrusted to Jama'at-ud-Da'wah. They were the first on the scene of Margalla Towers in F-10, Islamabad - before the government, the army or civilians.
A large amount of funds collected for charities within Europe, mostly by misleading Pakistani-Muslim community in Britain are funnelled for the activities of Lashkar-e-Taiba. There have been countless investigations indicating the aid given for earthquake victims was directly involved to expand Lashkar-e-Taiba's activities within India. Lashkar-e-Taiba operatives have been apprehended in India, where they have been obtaining funds from sections of the Muslim Community.
The outfit also collects donations from the Pakistani immigrant community in the Persian Gulf and United Kingdom, Islamic Non-Governmental Organisations, and Pakistani and Kashmiri businessmen. They do to hide their terrorist activities under the guise of charity.

Activities
The group actively carries out attacks on Indian Armed Forces in Kashmir and Jammu and still operates in the jungles in Pakistan. It is considered a well-trained terrorist group.
The Lashkar-e-Taiba group has repeatedly claimed through its journals and websites that its main aim is to destroy the Indian republic and to annihilate Hinduism and Judaism. LeT has declared Hindus and Jews to be the "enemies of Islam", as well as India and Israel to be the "enemies of Pakistan".
Apart from conducting terrorism, it is also known to conduct training camps and humanitarian work with regards to the earthquake. These camps have long been tolerated by the Pakistan's powerful Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) agency because of their usefulness against India and in Afghanistan, though they have been told not to mount any operations for now. Lashkar-e-Taiba had links to Jama'at-ud-Da'wah, however Jama'at-ud-Da'wah publicly retracted any association with them after the United States Department of State declared Lashkar-e-Taiba to be a terrorist organization.
Several American Muslims, including members of the so-called "Virginia Jihad Network," were convicted of training at LeT camps in Kashmir and Pakistan.
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